EFFECTIVENESS OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SERVICES ON UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ DEVELOPMENT OF ACADEMIC, SOCIAL AND PERSONAL COMPETENCIES: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN KENYA

ABSTRACT

The challenges of everyday living experienced by students’ in the institutions of higher learning leaves many of them devastated, not able to make realistic academic choices and unable to cope with life. Although counselling services are usually provided in various Kenyan universities, there seems to be noticeable students’ anti-social behaviour in public universities. On the other hand, the private universities are generally known to register minimal students’ disturbances. This may be attributed to the development of the students’ academic, social and personal competencies that could have resulted from effective guidance and counselling services. These competencies, shape and influence students’ behaviour. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of guidance and counselling services on the development of University students’ academic, social and personal competencies. The study employed ex post facto casual – comparative design. Quantitative data was collected by use of a questionnaire that was administered to 369 third and fourth year full-time  undergraduate students enrolled in three public and three private universities in Kenya. In addition, qualitative data was collected through an interview conducted among ten (10) student counsellors and a focus group discussion involving thirty six (36) peer counsellors from the universities studied. Purposive, proportionate and stratified random sampling techniques were used to select the respondents. Statistical techniques that included the one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and t-test were used to test the significance and determine whether to reject or accept the study hypotheses. All tests were based on the 0.05 level of significance. The data was analysed using a computer programme, the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 14.0. An analysis of the findings indicated significant differences in the effectiveness of guidance and counselling services on development of students’ academic, social and personal competencies among the studied universities. Significant differences were also found in effectiveness of guidance and counselling services on development of academic, social and personal competencies between students enrolled in public and private universities. The findings showed that that those students in private universities had better growth in the competencies than those enrolled in public universities. The analysis of the findings also indicated no significant gender differences in effectiveness of guidance and counselling services on students’ development of academic, social and personal competencies in both public and private universities. It was recommended that the university authorities should establish clear policies that would improve and strengthen guidance and counselling services to make them effective for the attainment of students’ academic, social and personal competencies.

 

 

 

 

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