INFLUENCE OF SMASSE ON THE QUALITY OF TEACHING AND LEARNING OF CHEMISTRY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN WAJIR COUNTY, KENYA
YUSSUF NUR ELMOGE
Chemistry plays a crucial role in the development of a nation. Strengthening Mathematics and Science in Secondary Schools (SMASSE) was introduced in Kenya with purpose of improving the performance of mathematics and science in secondary schools through encouraging the use of better teaching and learning methods. Despite the SMASSE training interventions performance of Chemistry in Wajir has been poor and showing little improvement since the year 2004. This study investigated the influence of SMASSE training programme on teaching and learning of Chemistry in Wajir County. The study was carried out in public secondary schools in Wajir County. The results obtained from the study could be important in highlighting important aspects of the SMASSE programme that could be used to improve the programme and therefore performance in chemistry The study employed descriptive research design. The study was carried out in Wajir County. The target population of the study was all the chemistry teachers and chemistry students in public secondary schools in Wajir County. Both purposive and random sampling techniques were used to select a sample of 35 teachers and 135 form two students. The research instruments comprised self administered questionnaires. To ensure validity, the instruments were reviewed by the supervisor and the amendments recommended effected before the main the study while the results of the pilot study were used to determine the reliability using the Split-Half technique. The questionnaires were found to have correlation coefficients of 0.78 and 0.82 for the students and teachers respectively. The researcher presented the questionnaires to the respondents during agreed visits and collected them after one week. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics using frequencies, percentages and averages and presented in form of tables and charts. The influence of SMASSE on performance was tested using inferential statistics specifically the independent sample t-test. The results showed that SMASSE had positive influences on teacher preparedness, teacher content delivery and learner participation.The introduction of SMASSE was also found to have improved performance in chemistry. The research recommends the continuation of SMASSE training for new teachers and SMASSE refresher courses for already SMASSE trained teachers.