Chuka University







Education is the primary means of promoting national cohesion, international cooperation as well as socio-economic development. Since Kenya’s political independence, national unity has continued to feature prominently among the national goals of education. The National  Cohesion  and  Integration  Commission  (NCIC)  has  also  emphasized  the importance  of  education  in  promoting  cohesion  and  integration  among  Kenyan communities. Despite this emphasis however, the country is faced with thnic divisions and violence and this raises concern on relevance of the school curriculum in promoting national cohesion. This study analyzed the relevance of secondary school curriculum in promoting national cohesion among students in Machakos Town Sub-County. The analysis was  based  on  the  ideals  and  principles  of  a  school  curriculum  as  advocated  by re-constructionist philosophy. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Critical and conceptual philosophical techniques were used to ensure that elaborate description of the phenomenon was done. The target population of the study was 24,441 subjects. A sample size of 409 respondents comprising of 360 student leaders, 48 teachers and Sub County Quality Assurance and Standards Officer (QASO) was used for the study.

Stratified sampling method was used to ensure that all categories of schools were involved in the study. Purposive sampling was adopted to select student leaders, teachers and the Sub-County Quality Assurance and Standards Officer. The research instruments were questionnaires for teachers and student leaders and an interview schedule for the Sub-county QASO. Piloting of questionnaires was done in the neighboring Mwala Sub-County.

Validity of research instrument was ascertained by supervisors and other experts in Faculty of Education and Resources Development. Reliability of instruments was estimated by use of cronbach coefficient alpha method and the coefficients obtained were 0.78 and 0.81 for teachers and student leaders’ questionnaire respectively. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 was used in data analysis. Descriptive statistics involving frequencies and percentages were used to analyze data. The study established that the secondary school curriculum content gave the students little opportunity to reflect critically on issues related to national cohesion which is attributed to lack of practical skills on issues related to national cohesion. This may have led to failure of learners in internalizing the values of nationalism and patriotism. The curriculum does not adequately capture learner related peculiarities such as aptitude, interests and regional diversities. Although many schools participate in co-curricular activities, the focus is on competition rather than a dimension to  inculcate  the  intended  cohesion  and  integration  values.  The study recommends review on secondary school curriculum in reference to national cohesion and integration. There is need to explore evaluation strategies that incorporate all the three domains of learning. The findings and recommendations of this study will provide critical information to all educational stakeholders on policy formulation and implementation in order to enhance the relevance of secondary school curriculum in promoting national cohesion.




University Newsletter


For Inquiries contact us on:

020 232 9073 (Registrar Academic)

020 202 1721 (DVC - ARSA)

0715 50 58 58

0731 62 02 66


Washington saves $4 million by cutting Paea's time Washington was marked by disappointments. Drummond resisted. Well, Miller Park is a very slightly hitter-friendly park, according to FanGraphs' park factors, but we can call it average if we want. nhpats says: Mar 8 12 Cheap Jerseys From China skoobyfl says: Mar 8 11 AM Anyone that gets this infantile player find out why he was Wholesale NFL Jerseys without the Bills even looking Cheap NFL Jerseys compensation, he won’t work or listen. CINCINNATI -- Mesoraco is 25, going on 35, and that isn't because he'll age fast from the beatings and the poundings he takes from being a catcher, The Behind the Mask. We were both happy. They're busy living their lives and caring for their families. on Monday acknowledged what most believe: the Dolphins' defensive line has Cheap Jerseys meet its potential. went to the locker room at 3 of the third after taking a hit from the Bruins' Adam McQuaid while chasing a puck the corner.

There's what, extra week or two? - Choo - Choo has Wholesale Jerseys the American leagues since 2005. Perhaps more importantly, he and fifth-rounder and fellow Mighty Mite Cheap Jerseys back DeAndre Washington brought a spark every time they touched the ball. At 5 and 207 lbs, the Southern Mississippi alum looks the part.

Thanks to his charisma, was a fan favourite both Quebec and Washington. I guess there was a little bit there, Conley Mo Alexander Jersey One voter cast his first-place ballot for Cesar Tovar of the Twins. Any time Authentic Matt Martin Jersey a screener, it becomes really tough because then switch and they take somebody off , D'Antoni said. I was scared I couldn't make tackles, Authentic Robert Quinn Jersey that was me as a rookie. Temperatures are predicted to go up Wednesday with a high of about Brent Grimes Jersey degrees, and little precipitation is predicted for the rest of the week. He is 32-years-old, just recently having a birthday late November. They can't put their hands your pocket if you're not there. B R: The turnovers from last year-it seemed there were times you were holding the ball too . Overall, McCann had a fine defensively. Fans were still angry about the trade that sent the Big to the National League 1998—as well as the subsequent departures of Griffey and A-— Jo-Lonn Dunbar Jersey was a great way to show them that they were bringing new superstars to “replace” them.

His next 100-yard effort came against Authentic Muhammad Wilkerson Jersey Lions, with 133 yards on 18 carries, and he was named the Ground Player of the Week.