Chuka University





Beatrice M. Mburugu



Orphanhood has been on the increase especially in this era of HIV/AIDS alongside other terminal diseases. Other causes of death of a parent (s) are old age, brutal murders, childbirth, natural calamities like landslides and other accidents. In Kenya, orphanhood has risen and affected many children among them primary school pupils. A parent’s death may traumatically affect a child’s psychological and social well being, consequently affecting their psychosocial status. As a result, this may have grave implications such as stunted emotional and intellectual development which may affect their concentration in class. They may become withdrawn and have low self-esteem which may affect their relations with others hence may become deviants. In schools, little is done on the way orphans perform in class, behave or interact with other people. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of orphanhood on the academic performance, interpersonal relationships and discipline among public primary school pupils in Meru South district. The researcher used the ex post factos causal-comparative research design. The target population was all the 24,000 public primary school pupils in 172 Schools and the accessible population was all the orphaned and non-orphaned public primary school pupils in class six and seven in 10 public primary schools. The researcher purposively selected 55 orphaned pupils and randomly selected 55 non-orphaned pupils from 10 public primary schools and a 10% of the sample to take care of non-responsive cases. Besides the pupils’ sample, the researcher purposively sampled 10 deputy head teachers and 20 class teachers for the study, making a total of 140 respondents. Data was collected by use of questionnaires which were administered to deputy head teachers, class teachers and pupils in the sample. Data analysis was done by use of descriptive and inferential statistics. Consequently, frequencies, means, percentages, and t-test statistics were used. This was aided by the Statistical Package for Social Science (S.P.S.S) version 11.5 for windows. An analysis of the major findings indicates that orphans perform poorly academically in comparison to non-orphans. Orphans too had poorer interpersonal relationships and were more indisciplined than non-orphaned pupils. In addition, gender differences existed in academic performance, interpersonal relationships and discipline of pupils. The findings of this study are expected to assist the Ministry of Education and children’s department to establish programmes that may address the needs of orphans. Orphaned pupils may be helped to adjust better and have a sense of belonging. The school administrators, teachers, guardians and non-governmental organizations may use them to understand the orphans better.




University Newsletter


For Inquiries contact us on:

020 232 9073 (Registrar Academic)

020 202 1721 (DVC - ARSA)

0715 50 58 58

0731 62 02 66


Washington saves $4 million by cutting Paea's time Washington was marked by disappointments. Drummond resisted. Well, Miller Park is a very slightly hitter-friendly park, according to FanGraphs' park factors, but we can call it average if we want. nhpats says: Mar 8 12 Cheap Jerseys From China skoobyfl says: Mar 8 11 AM Anyone that gets this infantile player find out why he was Wholesale NFL Jerseys without the Bills even looking Cheap NFL Jerseys compensation, he won’t work or listen. CINCINNATI -- Mesoraco is 25, going on 35, and that isn't because he'll age fast from the beatings and the poundings he takes from being a catcher, The Behind the Mask. We were both happy. They're busy living their lives and caring for their families. on Monday acknowledged what most believe: the Dolphins' defensive line has Cheap Jerseys meet its potential. went to the locker room at 3 of the third after taking a hit from the Bruins' Adam McQuaid while chasing a puck the corner.

There's what, extra week or two? - Choo - Choo has Wholesale Jerseys the American leagues since 2005. Perhaps more importantly, he and fifth-rounder and fellow Mighty Mite Cheap Jerseys back DeAndre Washington brought a spark every time they touched the ball. At 5 and 207 lbs, the Southern Mississippi alum looks the part.

Thanks to his charisma, was a fan favourite both Quebec and Washington. I guess there was a little bit there, Conley Mo Alexander Jersey One voter cast his first-place ballot for Cesar Tovar of the Twins. Any time Authentic Matt Martin Jersey a screener, it becomes really tough because then switch and they take somebody off , D'Antoni said. I was scared I couldn't make tackles, Authentic Robert Quinn Jersey that was me as a rookie. Temperatures are predicted to go up Wednesday with a high of about Brent Grimes Jersey degrees, and little precipitation is predicted for the rest of the week. He is 32-years-old, just recently having a birthday late November. They can't put their hands your pocket if you're not there. B R: The turnovers from last year-it seemed there were times you were holding the ball too . Overall, McCann had a fine defensively. Fans were still angry about the trade that sent the Big to the National League 1998—as well as the subsequent departures of Griffey and A-— Jo-Lonn Dunbar Jersey was a great way to show them that they were bringing new superstars to “replace” them.

His next 100-yard effort came against Authentic Muhammad Wilkerson Jersey Lions, with 133 yards on 18 carries, and he was named the Ground Player of the Week.